Chapter 4: KVM Virtual Machine Creation

This section describes the creation of a virtual machine in the KVM environment after downloading the required files. File downloading is described in Chapter 2, Installation.

It is assumed that the Virtual Machine Manager software (version 0.9.1 or later) is installed on the local management workstation. The following components are required on the server:

The steps for virtual machine creation are as follows:

  1. Download the distribution for KVM after logging in as a user at the Clavister website.

  1. The KVM distribution is distributed as a .qcow2 file which is a disk image of the virtual machine. The filename will have the following form:


    Where <version> is the version number of the release.

  1. Start the Virtual Machine Manager (virt-manager) software and connect to KVM.

  1. Select the New Virtual Machine option in Virtual Machine Manager and the new virtual machine wizard will start.

  1. Enter a name for the new virtual machine, select Import existing disk image and then select Forward.

  1. Select Browse and choose the downloaded .qcow2 file.

  1. Select the amount of RAM memory and the number of CPUs required. Note that cOS Stream cannot run in less than 1024 Mbytes of RAM and it is recommended to have at least 2 processor cores allocated. However, cOS Stream can run on a single core.

  1. In the next wizard step, make sure that the Virt Type is kvm and the Architecture is x86_64. If the Bridged NAT option is to be used, this can be configured here. Usually, this is set to Bridge Network.

  1. When the wizard is finished, the new virtual machine configuration will now be displayed.

The virtual machine created can now be edited to meet specific requirements. The virtual machine will have no Ethernet interfaces and these should be added using the virtual machine manager.

Selecting the Interface Driver Type

If only a single virtual CPU core is available to the virtual machine then the interface NIC type should be set as E1000 because interrupt mode will be used by cOS Stream. Selecting E1000 on all NICs will minimize data plane usage and make it possible to share a single CPU core with other tasks.

When running with multiple CPU cores, poll mode will be used instead by cOS Stream. This will provide higher performance and any supported interface type can be used.

Specific Resource Allocation for KVM

The general guidelines for resource allocation are detailed in Chapter 5, Resource Allocation Guidelines. The following should be specifically noted about correctly allocating resources with KVM:

An example extract from a KVM configuration is found below which uses the guidelines given in the list above.

<vcpu placement='static' cpuset='1-4,17-20'>28</vcpu>
  <vcpupin vcpu='0' cpuset='1'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='1' cpuset='17'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='2' cpuset='2'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='3' cpuset='18'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='4' cpuset='3'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='5' cpuset='19'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='6' cpuset='4'/>
  <vcpupin vcpu='7' cpuset='20'/>
  <type arch='x86_64' machine='pc-i440fx-xenial'>hvm</type>
  <boot dev='hd'/>
<cpu mode='host-passthrough'>
  <topology sockets='1' cores='4' threads='2'/>